A Convention containing Articles which guarantee a number of basic human rights. They include the:
Right to a fair trial (Article 6).
Respect for privacy (Article 8).
Prohibition on discrimination (Article 14).
Freedom of peaceful assembly and freedom of association (including the right to join a trade union) (Article 11).
Peaceful enjoyment of possessions (Article 1 of the First Protocol).
The UK ratified the Convention in 1951 but, unlike most European states, it did not incorporate it into UK law until implementation of the Human Rights Act 1998 in 2000. Individuals in the UK can enforce their rights under the Convention by taking a case to the European Court of Human Rights (www.practicallaw.com/A36016) in Strasbourg, or they can now enforce their rights in UK courts under the Human Rights Act 1998.